Tietz, Oscar

(1858-1923)
   entrepreneur; founded Germany's leading de-partment-store chain, Warenhaus Hermann Tietz. Born in Birnbaum (now Mied-zychod in Poland*) to a wealthy Jewish home with widespread familial connections, he left school at thirteen for an apprenticeship; after holding several positions he formed a partnership in 1882 with his uncle Hermann (1837-1907) that generated the Gera-based textile shop of Hermann Tietz. Emulating Amer-ican ideas, Oscar supplied his customers with assorted clothing and linen goods at low prices. In 1896 the relatives converted the concern into Germany's first department store. Oscar soon oversaw construction of Munich s Warenhaus-palast. Chiefly competing with Warenhaus Wertheim, he trumped his rival by introducing a large food department. He opened similar stores in other large cities and constructed three in Berlin* at the turn of the century (by the 1920s he had ten stores in Berlin). He moved to Berlin in 1900 and amassed a fortune of twenty-five million marks by 1911, thus becoming the fourth-wealthiest man in Brandenburg.
   Tietz supplied war materials during World War I. As a Red Cross delegate, he used his international standing to act in Switzerland as an emissary on ques-tions of foreign trade. After Germany's collapse his contacts and clever infla-tion*-era investments helped reinstate the preeminent position of his firm. His magnificent stores on Alexanderplatz and Leipziger Strasse, each staffed by over two thousand employees, were famous in the Weimar era.
   In addition to possessing business acumen, Tietz was a leader in social policy. Although he was president of the Federation of Department Stores (Verband der Waren- und Kaufhauser) and a board member of the Employers Federation (Arbeitgeberverband) for retail trade, he was active on his firm's behalf with Berlin s Workers Councils* during the November Revolution.* Under his aegis a seminal wage settlement was concluded in 1919 between the retail-trade union and the Arbeitgeberverband; thereafter he mediated wage disputes on several occasions. Active with the DDP, he was friendly with Paul Hirsch, Prussia s* Prime Minister, and maintained contact with other SPD politicians.
   In 1923, the year of Oscar Tietz s death, Warenhaus Hermann Tietz embraced forty companies, seven textile mills, and several clothing manufacturers. Un-derstandably, Tietz and his firm were already anti-Semitic targets before 1914. Because of his prosperity amidst widespread misfortune, disgruntled shopkeep-ers intensified their campaign against him during the inflation era. In 1926 his son Georg purchased KaDeWe (Kaufhaus des Westens), Germany s largest de-partment store, from another Jewish businessman. By 1933, when the NSDAP Aryanized the Tietz chain, it had fourteen thousand employees and earned more than one hundred million marks annually. The Nazis renamed it Hertie, the name it retains today.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Werner Mosse, Jews in the German Economy; Tietz, Hermann Tietz.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Oscar Tietz — (April 18, 1858, Birnbaum/Warthe, Posen January 17, 1923, Klosters) was a Jewish German businessman (Unternehmer) He was one member of the Tietz family, and one of founders of the Hertie, KaDeWe. See also Leonhard Tietz Hermann Tietz Persondata… …   Wikipedia

  • Oscar Tietz — (auch: Oskar Tietz; * 18. April 1858 in Birnbaum an der Warthe, Provinz Posen; † 17. Januar 1923 in Klosters) war ein deutsch jüdischer Kaufmann und Begründer des Kaufhaus Konzerns Hermann Tietz (später Hertie). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tietz — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adam Ferdinand Dietz (1708–1777), Rokoko Bildhauer Alexander Tietz (1898–1978), Banater Volkskundler und Heimatforscher Anne Luise Tietz (* 1992), deutsche Schauspielerin Antje Tietz (* 1969), deutsche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tietz — is a surname, and may refer to: Anthony Tietz (1947), research scientist and fermentation expert Anton Ferdinand Tietz (1742–1810), composer Gerold Tietz (* November 11 1941 in Horka b. Dauba, Bohemia; † July 24 2009 in Esslingen, Germany) was a… …   Wikipedia

  • Hermann Tietz (Hertie) — Hermann Tietz (* 29. April 1837 in Birnbaum, Provinz Posen; † 3. Mai 1907 in Berlin) war ein deutsch jüdischer Kaufmann und Namensgeber der Warenhaus Firma Hermann Tietz. Hermann Tietz finanzierte seinem Neffen Oscar Tietz 1882 die Gründung eines …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leonhard Tietz — (* 3. März 1849 in Birnbaum an der Warthe, Provinz Posen (heute Polen); † 14. November 1914) war ein deutsch jüdischer Kaufmann und Warenhaus Unternehmer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hermann Tietz — was a German merchant of Jewish origin. Tietz was born on April 29, 1837 in Birnbaum an der Warthe near Posen (today Międzychód, Poland) and died on May 3, 1907 in Berlin). He was buried in the Weißensee Cemetery.Tietz was the first to carry out… …   Wikipedia

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  • Jandorf — Abraham Adolf Jandorf (* 7. Februar 1870 in Hengstfeld; 12. Januar 1932 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Kaufmann und geschäftsführender Inhaber der Kaufhauskette A. Jandorf Co. Durch seine beständige Anwendung der modernsten Techniken auf allen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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